al-Dirdara — الدِرْدارَة
Average Elevation
75 m
Distance from Safad
13 km
Year Arab Total
1944/45 * 100 100
Land Ownership (1944/45) in dunums
Year Arab Jewish Public Total
1944/45 * 4443 1829 89 6361
Land Use (1944/45) in dunums
Use Public

The village, located in the middle of a flat plain, faced a mountain range in the east and overlooked the aI-Hula Plain to the north and south. Although most of its houses were made of mud, a few were built of stone. The villagers cultivated the fertile land around the village, especially the area to the south and southwest. Grain, vegetables, citrus, almonds, and figs were the most important agricultural products. In 1944/45 a total of 1,623 dunums was allocated to cereals and 795 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.

It is not clear when al-Dirdara was occupied. It may have fallen during Operation Yiftach (see Abil al-Qamh, Safad District) in late April or May 1948. At any rate, it was in Israeli hands by early July 1948, at the end of the first truce of the war. The History of the War of Independence states that it served as one of the launching points for Operation Berosh, an attack against a Syrian bridgehead on the Syrian border that the Israeli forces mounted during the Ten Days between the two truces of the war (8-18 July). Syrian forces tried to capture the village shortly after this operation but were forced to withdraw after encountering a minefield and losing at least fifty men, according to the same Haganah account. In the armistice agreement signed between Israel and Syria in July 1949, the village and the area around it were to be demilitarized. By that time, the Israeli settlement of Eyal had already been established on the lands of al-Dirdara.

The settlement of Eyal (210273), established in 1947 on village land, was destroyed during the 1948 war. After the people of al-Dirdara had been expelled, the Israelis rebuilt the settlement and named it ha-Goverim. They changed its name once more, to Ashmura, in 1953. It is no longer inhabited.

The site is a mound of stones and earth, overgrown with trees. There is a canal at the northern edge through which water flows in a north-south direction. The area around the site is cultivated (see photo).