PLace

al-Hamra

Place
al-Hamra — الحَمْرا
Known also as: 'Arab al-Hamra
District
Galilee
Average Elevation
-175 m
Subdistrict
Baysan
Distance from Baysan
7.5 km
Population
Year Arab Total
1944/45 730
Land Ownership (1944/45) in dunums
Year Arab Jewish Public Total
1944/45 8623 2153 735 11511
Land Use (1944/45) in dunums
Use Arab Jewish Public Total
Non-Cultivable & Built-up (Total)
Use Public Total
Non-Cultivable 733 733
733 733 (6%)
Cultivable (Total)
Use Arab Jewish Public Total
Cereal 8427 2153 2 10582
Plantation and Irrigable 32 32
Citrus and Bananas 57 57
8459 2210 2 10671 (93%)

Al-Hamra was located in the southern portion of the Baysan Valley. It overlooked the Jordan River, some 8 km to the east. The Baysan-Jericho highway passed through the western part of the village land. The village was named after the al-Hamra clan, a branch of a Bedouin tribe known as the al-Suqur ('the falcons'). The first known reference to the village dates to the year 1281, when the Mamluk sultan Qalawun (1279-90) passed by the village on his way from Syria to Egypt. The aI-Hamra Bedouin settled in this village many centuries ago, attracted by its fertile land and abundant water supplies. The widely-scattered houses of aI-Hamra were either permanent adobe structures or camel-hair tents. The main agricultural products were grain, oranges, olives, and vegetables. In 1944/45 a total of 8,427 dunums was planted in cereals. Archaeological sites east of the village, such as the tells of al-Shuqaf and Abu Kharaj, dated back to the Canaanites.

There are no Israeli settlements on village lands.

Nothing remains of aI-Hamra. Scattered trees (including some fig trees), cactuses, and grass grow on the site.