PLace

Harrawi

Place
Harrawi — هَرّاوِي
Known also as: 'Arab al-Hamdun
District
Galilee
Average Elevation
500 m
Subdistrict
Safad
Distance from Safad
18 km
Population
Year Arab Total
1931 148 148
Land Ownership (1944/45) in dunums
Year Arab Jewish Public Total
1944/45 2255 1471 3726
Land Use (1944/45) in dunums
Use Arab Jewish Total
Non-Cultivable & Built-up (Total)
Use Arab Jewish Total
Non-Cultivable 1704 1139 2843
Built-up 2 2
1704 1141 2845 (76%)
Cultivable (Total)
Use Arab Jewish Total
Cereal 551 330 881
551 330 881 (24%)
Number of Houses (1931)
36

The village was situated on a mountain peak in eastern Upper Galilee, overlooking the aI-Hula Plain. A trail that passed it in a northwestern direction linked it to the village of Qadas. Forests abounded in the area around the village. Its houses were generally grouped close together in a circular pattern, although some newer housing was built toward the east. The people of Harrawi were descendants of Bedouin from the 'Arab al-Hamdun tribe. Some of them continued to migrate in winter to the lowlands adjacent to the al-Hula Plain, where their animals could graze. They also worked in agriculture, and in 1944/45 they planted a total of 551 dunums in cereals. Evidence of earlier habitation, most of which appears to date to the Byzantine period, abounds in the village. The ruins include the foundations of walls, tessellated floors, a wine-press, and Greek inscriptions.

An early incident in the vicinity of the village was reported in February 1948 by the Palestinian daily Filastin. According to that report, an Arab bus en route from al-Hula to Safad was ambushed at Harrawi on 12 February by a Zionist military unit. A mine exploded under the bus and the attackers fired at the passengers and threw firebombs, killing four people.

On 5 May 1948, Arab Liberation Army (ALA) commander Fawzi al-Qawuqji reported that 'the Jews have occupied all the hills around Harrawi.' This occurred in the early stages of Operation Yiftach (see Abil al-Qamh, Safad District). The area was defended by the ALA's Second Yarmuk Battalion, commanded by Lt. Col. Adib al-Shishakli, later president of Syria. The village was probably occupied by mid-May, because Arab forces claimed to have reoccupied Harrawi after the entry of Arab armies into Palestine. A New York Times report out of Damascus stated on 17 May that Lebanese troops and Arab 'irregulars' supported by Syrian aircraft had claimed victories at Harrawi and al-Malikiyya, 5 km to the northwest. The village may not have remained long in Arab hands, however, since the closest villages to Harrawi, Mallaha and Baysamun, both fell into Israeli hands at the very end of Operation Yiftach, on 25 May.

No Israeli settlements have been built on village lands, although Ramot Naftali (202278), founded in 1945 north/northwest of Harrawi, is on the neighboring lands of the village of al-Nabi Yusha'.

No traces of the village are visible. Woods cover the slopes and peak of the mountain on which the village was located. Some of the lands in the area are wooded while others have been planted by Israelis with fruit trees.