PLace

Shahma

Place
Shahma — شَحْمَة
District
Lydda
Average Elevation
50 m
Subdistrict
Ramla
Distance from Al Ramla
15 km
Population
Year Arab Total
1944/45 280
1931 150
Land Ownership (1944/45) in dunums
Year Arab Jewish Public Total
1944/45 5165 220 1490 6875
Land Use (1944/45) in dunums
Use Arab Jewish Public Total
Non-Cultivable & Built-up (Total)
Use Arab Public Total
Non-Cultivable 58 201 259
Built-up 11
69 201 270 (4%)
Cultivable (Total)
Use Arab Jewish Public Total
Cereal 4911 220 1289 6420
Plantation and Irrigable 33 33
Citrus and Bananas 152 152
5096 220 1289 6605 (96%)
Number of Houses (1931)
34

The village was situated on the coastal plain in a flat area that was slightly higher than the terrain to the south and southeast. Wadi al-Sarar ran about 1 km southwest of it. A secondary road linked Shahma to a highway that led to al-Ramla and the coastal highway. Just north of the village was 'Aqir military airport, built by the British during World War II; Shahma military base lay to the north and east. In the late nineteenth century, Shahma was a small village built of adobe bricks; its inhabitants drew their water from a well to the south.

Classified as a hamlet by the Mandate-era Palestine Index Gazetteer, the village was divided into two sections, north and south, by the secondary road mentioned above. Some of its houses were built in part with the stone remains of previous settlements on the site. Shahma's entire population was Muslim. Its economy was based on agriculture, especially grain cultivation, and to a lesser extent on animal husbandry. In 1944/45 a total of 152 dunums was devoted to citrus and bananas and 4,911 dunums were allotted to cereals; 33 dunums were irrigated or used for orchards.

There are no Israeli settlements on village land.

The site has been incorporated into a fenced-in military airfield. It is marked by cactuses and bushes that are visible from the outside.